Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

An obstetrician-gynecologist, or OB-GYN, has expertise in female reproductive health, pregnancy, and childbirth. ... Others focus on the medical care of the female reproductive system. OB-GYNs also provide routine medical services and preventive screenings. This type of doctor has studied obstetrics and gynecology.  A branch of medicine that specializes in the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth and in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive organs. It also specializes in other women’s health issues, such as menopause, hormone problems, contraception birth control and infertility.

 

  • Track 1-1Adenomyosis
  • Track 1-2Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women
  • Track 1-3Ectopic Pregnancy
  • Track 1-4Dysmenorrhea
  • Track 1-5Bacterial Vaginosis Empiric Therapy
  • Track 1-6Female Sexual Dysfunction
  • Track 1-7Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
  • Track 1-8Ovarian Cyst Rupture
  • Track 1-9Contraceptive Implant Placement

Trimester: In obstetrics, one of the three divisions of three months each during pregnancy, in which different phases of fetal development take place. The first trimester is a time of basic cell differentiation. The second trimester is a period of rapid growth and maturation of body systems. A second-trimester fetus that is born prematurely may be viable, given the best hospital care possible. The third trimester marks the final stage of fetal growth, in which systems are completed, fat accumulates under the soon-to-be-born baby's skin, and the fetus at last moves into position for birth. This trimester ends with birth.

  • Track 2-1Miscarriage
  • Track 2-2Fetal Development
  • Track 2-3Arterial pressure
  • Track 2-4Pre-Eclampsia
  • Track 2-5Screening
  • Track 2-6Outcome Measures
  • Track 2-7Hormonal Role
  • Track 2-8Doctor’s Appointment 
  • Track 2-9Gestational Diabetes
  • Track 2-10Hyperthermia

Reproductive endocrinology and infertility (REI) is a surgical subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology that trains physicians in reproductive medicine addressing hormonal functioning as it pertains to reproduction as well as the issue of infertility. It has specialty training in obstetrics and gynecology  (ob-gyn) before they undergo sub-specialty training (fellowship) in REI. Reproductive surgery is a related specialty, where a physician in ob-gyn or urology further specializes to operate on anatomical disorders that affect fertility

 

  • Track 3-1Abnormal (Dysfunctional) Uterine Bleeding
  • Track 3-2Assisted Reproduction Technology
  • Track 3-3Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Abnormalities
  • Track 3-4Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis
  • Track 3-5Kallmann Syndrome and Idiopathic Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism

The placental membrane separates maternal blood from fetal blood. The maternal component of the placenta is known as the decidua basalis. Oxygen and nutrients in the maternal blood in the intervillous spaces diffuse through the walls of the villi and enter the fetal capillaries. The two chorioamniotic membranes are the amnion and the chorion, which make up the amniotic sac that surrounds and protects the fetus.The placenta functions as a fetomaternal organ with two components: the fetal placenta (Chorion frondosum), which develops from the same blastocyst that forms the fetus, and the maternal placenta (Decidua basalis), which develops from the Chorion refers to the outermost membrane surrounding an embryo of a reptile, bird, or mammal while placenta refers to a temporary organ that connects the developing fetus via the umbilical cord to the uterine wall in placental mammals. Thus, this explains the main difference between chorion and placenta maternal uterine tissue.

 

 

  • Track 4-1Placenta previa
  • Track 4-2Placental Abruption
  • Track 4-3Placental Insufficiency
  • Track 4-4Placenta Complications
  • Track 4-5Placental Infarcts
  • Track 4-6Placenta accreta
  • Track 4-7High Blood Pressure
  • Track 4-8Placenta Position

Genetics  of  infertility. About 10–15% of human couples are infertile, unable to conceive. In approximately in half of these cases, the underlying cause is related to the male. ... Genetic factors including aneuploidies and single-gene  mutations are also contributed to the male infertility. Infertility is common. Out of 100 couples in the United States, about 12 to 13 of them have trouble.

  • Track 5-1Anovulatory Infertility
  • Track 5-2Hyperprolactinaemia
  • Track 5-3Uterine infertility
  • Track 5-4Genetics and female infertility
  • Track 5-5Unexplained infertility
  • Track 5-6Nuclear hormone receptors
  • Track 5-7Role of Adrenal Steroids
  • Track 5-8Gene mutations

Obstetric complications refer to disruptions and disorders of pregnancy, labour and delivery, and the early neonatal period. Examples of such complications include prenatal drug exposure, poor maternal nutrition, minor physical anomalies (or MPAs: indicators of fetal neural maldevelopment, occurring near the end of the first trimester), and birth complications. Obstetric complications can have long-term effects on a child, including an increase in problematic behaviour. Research has identified links between obstetric complications and subsequent human aggression, and suggests that obstetric complications may elicit aggression by affecting brain development.

 

  • Track 6-1Abruptio Placentae
  • Track 6-2Amniotic Fluid Embolism
  • Track 6-3Cesarean Hysterectomy
  • Track 6-4Rh Incompatibility
  • Track 6-5Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome
  • Track 6-6Malposition of the Uterus
  • Track 6-7HELLP Syndrome
  • Track 6-8Neural Tube Defects

Gynecologic surgery is surgery on any part of a woman’s reproductive system, including the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Gynecologic surgeons often do procedures on a woman’s urinary tract as well, including the bladder. Some gynecologic surgeries are simple and may be done in at the gynecologist’s office, while others are done in the hospital. Common gynecologic surgeries include Tubal ligation (tubes tied)Removal of ovarian cysts (non-cancerous growths on an ovary)Removal of cysts or fibroids (non-cancerous growths) in the uterus Removal of growths from the cervix (the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina)Uterine artery embolization, which cuts off the blood supply to a uterine fibroid so it gets smaller Removal of the uterus (hysterectomy), ovaries, or other parts of a woman’s reproductive system Surgical treatment of gynecological (cervical, uterine, and ovarian) cancers Cystoscopy, which is a procedure that lets the doctor look inside the urinary tract to check for growths, bladder stones, or other problems Hysteroscopy, which is a procedure that lets the doctor look inside the uterus by inserting a thin tube through the vagina and cervix.

  • Track 7-1Bakri Balloon Placement
  • Track 7-2Vaginal Cancer
  • Track 7-3Surgical Management of Ectopic Pregnancy
  • Track 7-4Mullerian Duct Anomalies
  • Track 7-5Hysteroscopy
  • Track 7-6Thromboembolism Prophylaxis in Gynecologic Surgery
  • Track 7-7Surgical Treatment of Vulvar Cancer

Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery focuses on the surgical and non-surgical treatment of pelvic floor disorders, which include pelvic organ prolapse, incontinence, and pelvic pain. Reconstructive surgery is used to restore the organs of the pelvic floor to their normal position. The surgery used for this condition is a robotic assisted sacrocolpopexy. Pelvic floor reconstruction is a group of surgical procedures used to treat pelvic organ prolapse, a condition that occurs when the muscles of the pelvic floor are weakened or damaged, often due to childbirth. Other causes include repeated heavy lifting, chronic disease, or surgery. Most patients require at least some prescription strength pain medicine for about one to two weeks after surgery. After any surgery to correct urinary incontinence or prolapse, we ask that patients “take it easy” usually for 12 weeks to allow proper healing.

 

  • Track 8-1Fecal Incontinence
  • Track 8-2Rectocele
  • Track 8-3Vesicovaginal Fistula
  • Track 8-4Vesicovaginal and Ureterovaginal Fistula
  • Track 8-5Urethral Diverticulum
  • Track 8-6Enterocele and Massive Vaginal Eversion

Some medications can adversely affect a fetus, but in some cases the benefits outweigh the risks. Diabetes mellitus during pregnancy may need intensive therapy with insulin to prevent complications to mother and baby. Pain management  for the mother is an important area where an evaluation of the benefits and risks is needed. NSAIDs such as ibuprofen and naproxen are probably safe for use for a short period of time, 48–72 hours, once the mother has reached the second trimester. If taking aspirin for pain management the mother should not take a dose higher than 100 mg.

 

  • Track 9-1Drug dependency in the baby
  • Track 9-2Premature Birth
  • Track 9-3Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
  • Track 9-4Miscarriage
  • Track 9-5Low Birth Weight

Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist  is a doctor who treats cancer and provides medical care for a person diagnosed with cancer. The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation. A medical oncologist treats cancer using chemotherapy or other medications, such as targeted therapy or immunotherapy. A surgical oncologist removes the tumor and nearby tissue during surgery. He or she also performs certain types of biopsies to help diagnose cancer. A radiation oncologist treats cancer using radiation therapy. Other types of oncologists include:A gynecologic oncologist treats gynecologic cancers, such as uterine, ovarian, and cervical cancers. A pediatric oncologist treats cancer in children. Some types of cancer occur most often in children and teenagers. This includes certain brain tumors, leukemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma. Types of cancer more common in children sometimes also occur in adults. In these situations, an adult may decide to work with a pediatric oncologist. A hematologist-oncologist diagnoses and treats blood cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.

 

  • Track 10-1Cervical Cancer
  • Track 10-2Borderline Ovarian Cancer
  • Track 10-3Colposcopy
  • Track 10-4Conization of Cervix
  • Track 10-5Endometrial Carcinoma
  • Track 10-6Fallopian Tube Cancer Staging
  • Track 10-7Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor Treatment Protocols
  • Track 10-8Germ Cell Tumor Staging
  • Track 10-9Malignant Vulvar Lesions
  • Track 10-10Ovarian Dysgerminomas

Radiography is an imaging technique using X-rays, gamma rays, or similar ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation to view the internal form of an object. Applications of radiography include medical radiography ("diagnostic" and "therapeutic") and industrial radiography

 

Projectional radiography

 

The creation of images by exposing an object to X-rays or other high-energy forms of electromagnetic radiation and capturing the resulting remnant beam (or "shadow") as a latent image is known as "projection radiography." The "shadow" may be converted to light using a fluorescent screen, which is then captured on photographic film, it may be captured by a phosphor screen to be "read" later by a laser (CR), or it may directly activate a matrix of solid-state detectors (DR—similar to a very large version of a CCD in a digital camera). Bone and some organs (such as lungs) especially lend themselves to projection radiography. It is a relatively low-cost investigation with a high diagnostic yield. The difference between soft and hard body parts stems mostly from the fact that carbon has a very low X-ray cross section compared to calcium.

 

Computed tomography

 

Computed tomography or CT scan (previously known as CAT scan, the "A" standing for "axial") uses ionizing radiation (x-ray radiation) in conjunction with a computer to create images of both soft and hard tissues. These images look as though the patient was sliced like bread (thus, "tomography"-- "tomo" means "slice"). Though CT uses a higher amount of ionizing x-radiation than diagnostic x-rays (both utilising X-ray radiation), with advances in technology, levels of CT radiation dose and scan times have reduced. CT exams are generally short, most lasting only as long as a breath-hold, Contrast agents are also often used, depending on the tissues needing to be seen. Radiographers perform these examinations, sometimes in conjunction with a radiologist (for instance, when a radiologist performs a CT-guided biopsy).

 

  • Track 11-1X-ray imaging
  • Track 11-2Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Track 11-3Ultrasound imaging
  • Track 11-4Fluoroscopic studies
  • Track 11-5Working In Radiology While Pregnant
  • Track 11-6Radiology Pregnancy Policy
  • Track 11-728 day Rule Radiology?
  • Track 11-8Radiology Scan For Pregnancy

Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy by removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus. An abortion that occurs without intervention is known as a miscarriage or spontaneous abortion. When deliberate steps are taken to end a pregnancy, it is called an induced abortion, or less frequently "induced miscarriage". The unmodified word abortion generally refers to an induced abortion. A similar procedure after the fetus has potential to survive outside the womb is known as a "late termination of pregnancy" or less accurately as a "late term abortion"

  • Track 12-1Guidelines
  • Track 12-2Safety and effectiveness
  • Track 12-3Counselling
  • Track 12-4Follow-up care
  • Track 12-5Benefits and harms
  • Track 12-6Inevitable Abortion
  • Track 12-7Imcomplete Abortion
  • Track 12-8Complete Abortion
  • Track 12-9Missed Abortion
  • Track 12-10Septic Abortion
  • Track 12-11Recurrent Abortion

Cosmetic Gynecology has become one of the fastest growing subspecialties of elective surgery for women and includes specialists in gynecology, urogynecology, urology, and plastic surgery. This area of special interest includes both cosmetic procedures to enhance the aesthetic appearance of the vulvo/vaginal region, as well as functional vaginal repairs to enhance or help restore sexual function following the changes that may occur following childbirth and/or aging.   Female genital cosmetic surgery also includes aesthetic procedures to improve the cosmetic appearance of the external vulvar/vaginal region. Procedures include labiaplasty or labia minora reduction with or without excess prepuce reduction, labia majora reduction or augmentation, vaginal introital repairs for cosmetic issues as well as reduction of lipodystrophy in the mons pubis region. Recently, new technology has been introduced in the field offering non-surgical/office based procedures to treat female sexual dysfunction (VLS), vaginal health and vulvo/vaginal cosmetic issues for women. This technology includes non-fractional lasers as well as radiofrequency treatments. Scientific studies are currently evaluating this technology for these uses as well as treatment for mild urinary incontinence, urgency/frequency issues as well as vaginal dryness.

 

  • Track 13-1Vaginoplasty
  • Track 13-2Labiaplasty
  • Track 13-3Labia Major Augumentation
  • Track 13-4Hymenoplasty

Hepatitis is a type of infection that can seriously damage your liver. And if you’re pregnant, you can pass it on to your newborn. You can have one of the three most common types of hepatitis viruses -- A, B, and C -- and not know it. Usually, it won’t hurt your unborn baby or affect your pregnancy. If your doctor knows you have it, or might have it, she can help you manage it during your pregnancy to lower the chances of any long-term liver disease for you and your baby

  • Track 14-1Hepatitis C virus
  • Track 14-2Hepatitis B virus
  • Track 14-3Extrahepatic complications
  • Track 14-4 Cirrhosis
  • Track 14-5Sexual intercourse
  • Track 14-6Mother-to-child transmission
  • Track 14-7Healthcare exposure
  • Track 14-8Occult infection

LaborChildbirth, the process of delivering a baby and the placenta, membranes, and umbilical cord from the uterus to the vagina to the outside world. During the first stage of labor (which is called dilation), the cervix dilates fully to a diameter of about 10 cm (2 inches). The first stage of labor is divided into two phases: the latent phase and the active phase. In the latent phase, contractions become progressively more coordinated and the cervix dilates to 4 cm (approximately 1.5 inches). The latent phase averages about 8 hours for  a nullipara (a woman having her first baby) and 5 hours for a multipara (a woman having a subsequent baby). In the active phase, the cervix becomes fully dilated and the presenting part of the baby descends into the mid pelvis. The active phase averages about 5 hours for a nullipara and 2 hours for a multipara. In the second stage (which is called expulsion), the baby moves out through the cervix and vagina to be born. Expulsion generally lasts 2 hours for a nullipara and l hour for a multipara. The third stage of labor begins with the delivery of the baby and ends when the placenta and membranes are expelled also known as parturition and childbirth.

 

  • Track 15-1Abnormal Labor
  • Track 15-2Breech Extraction Delivery
  • Track 15-3Cervical Ripening
  • Track 15-4Compound Presentations
  • Track 15-5Face and Brow Presentation
  • Track 15-6Induction of Labor
  • Track 15-7Management of the Third Stage of Labor
  • Track 15-8Pain Relief for Labor and Delivery